Purwo Ardoko, Chief Architect for the Cipinang Penitentiary in East Jakarta, which can house up to 256 inmates, convicted of graft and an attendee of the Prisons and Correctional Facilities Asia 2011 tells us what he gained from attending the conference. He also tells us how prisons are evolving and how this
could help spur rehabilitation in the future.
Bryan Camoens: Could you please tell us what the difficulties in prisons and correctional facilities
Purwo Ardoko: coming from non-technical issues like budgeting and programming. (Authorization by the government which is very limited on preparing the
budget, lands/location and time scheduling) Almost all of my work spent over the past 3 years has been to design and build those prison and correctional facilities.
Also capacity prediction, (because no one can predict the result of the justice system as statistically the numbers of inmates is vital data for me). Lastly understanding and implementing precisely the prison and correctional facilities standard among stakeholders (owners and architects) according to standard
minimum rules for the treatment of prisoner by UN Resolution is different measurement within different countries.
Bryan Camoens: How did attending the Prisons & Correctional Facilities Asia 2011 conference help you to overcome these issues?
Purwo Ardoko: Of course the conference by IQPC held last year in Malaysia was very useful and beneficial for me and the team who attended, as you know we had 8 people attend as delegates. Two of which were engineers and the rest are prison and correctional officer that have no – or limited – knowledge
and experience in the engineering background. So at the conference we learnt and saw how other countries have similar issues and go about solve these problems. In design terms, it was as an observatory phase for me.
Bryan Camoens: From an architect’s perspective what led you to signing up for the Prisons & Correctional Facilities Asia 2011 conference?
Purwo Ardoko: From an architect’s perspective, we found some reference in prison and correctional facilities design according those contradictory design in prison and correctional design. The health, convenience, comfort, accessibility, environment design, etc. – design category and standard in architecture – versus security systems, space and access limitation, 24 hours building usage, etc. (reserve for prevent escape, disciplines and others prison and correctional facility purpose), that’s in itself is very
Bryan Camoens: In your opinion how are prisons evolving and how will the design of these facilities help spur rehabilitation of these individuals?
Purwo Ardoko: Prisons are evolving and design will only help to spur rehabilitation of the inmate. Although there is not much research with regard to the relationship between the building and users for the influences in their life (except in technical function). There is no guarantee for those individuals who came to prison and correctional facilities to spend their sentence in many variety years that will be rehabilitated and not to repeat to commit the crime again in any further yet in very good prison and correctional facilities. For those fact and history, many government have tried to change the idiom of prison to correctional which mean more humanized
approach system than prison as Tools of Criminal Justice System, this is are evolvement.This means the individuals coming to prison are people who have a life balance problem and they should solve the problem in a certain time and place (sentence) by law not by them.
Our job as an architect through design is to prepare facilities according their requirements (As we Live) only limited by the government. The difference of prison and correctional facilities and other facilities are (common): The
fence (tall and tough), the doors (many and open just from outside), the details, the access, the neighbourhood, the limit of right (everything is limited, even the human right needs: seeing the sky, the stars, the air, etc.).
Finally, according to those conditions, I, as an architect must have self confidence that the prison and correctional facility design should have a capability to spur rehabilitation with appropriate design as we live (providing proper prison and correctional facilities is not just providing the ideal prison and correctional facility design), then the spur of rehabilitation is no a longer purpose but balancing the inmate problem on limited facilities to make them as a subject, not an object, together we can (officer and inmate) solve the problem (reintegration program) as the Indonesian correctional system does (statisticallyrecidivism is 0.00001 % in the past 12 years) although we have overcapacity issues and a ratio of 1 officer by 100 inmate (normally 1:6).
The 2nd annual Prisons and Correctional Facilities 2012 conference once again brings together senior international and regional Prison Commissioners, Director Generals and senior officials to discuss the latest trends, issues, challenges and strategies involving the construction, design, security and rehabilitation programmes within prisons and correctional facilities. Email firstname.lastname@example.org to register for Prisons and Correctional Facilities Asia 2012.